The global climate change and deforestation is thought to be the cause, two successive landslide disaster that befell Jember, East Java and Banjarnegara, Central Java , causing casualties are not few in number.
The statement disclosed by the Deputy Ministry of Environment of Development of Technical Support and Capacity Building, Isa Karmisa in Jakarta, Thursday.
“The case of landslides in Jember and Banjarnegara is different, if in Jember expected due to climate change then in Banjarnegara if not wrong because of deforestation,” he said.
According to him, for the Jember region still looks good land cover from satellite pictures where it means the condition of forests in Jember still pretty good.
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“Therefore I expect the case in Jember occur due to the impact of global climate change,” he said.
He said the damage to the environment in the world mainly due to two things: the global climate change due to share things like deforestation and pollution and destruction of the ozone layer.
“The meeting of the Minister of the Environment of the world at the North Pole on global warming phenomenon noted that the earth’s temperature has increased about 2 degrees Celsius to 3 degrees Celsius. As a result, the frost there is melting and forming is kind of a dam that burst the water level can rise up to 7 meters , “he said.
That is, countries with good potential of forests were actually expected to maintain their forests to stem the effects of global warming.
Furthermore, he said, the impact of climate change is causing the events shifted from the condition properly.
“Just imagine, Hurricane Katrina which formerly always occurs in the sea suddenly appeared on land and in thousands of casualties,” he said.
Catastrophic events flash floods and landslides in Kemiri, Kecamatan Panti, Jember allegedly occurred not as a result of deforestation, but because of the high flow of water in the region Argopuro –atas–, so the small lake-lake that existed around the area –cekungan- – are not able to accommodate the flow of water from heavy rainfall –115 ml / dt–.
Therefore, in the mountainous region Argopuro need to be reconstructed plant, be perennials, so it has a high absorption capacity and is able to hold water in case of heavy rainfall. Coffee plant that exists today has been duly replaced the rubber or the identity of the economically valued high enough.
Semenatara it regarding similar events that occurred in the hamlet Gunungraja, Sijeruk Village, District Banjarmangun, Banjarnegara, Wednesday (4/1) at around 05:00 pm, Isa has not been able to say much.
“I heard about the possibility of deforestation there but needs to be studied further,” he said.
But, he added, MOE will continue to strive to minimize environmental damage. Even so, according to Jesus, two areas in Jember and Banjarnegara are not included in disaster-prone areas in the report on the status of the environment in 2004 published KLH in 2005.
When asked further whether forest environmental monitoring will be becoming one of the tasks of Civil Servant Investigators (investigators) KLH, Isa said there was an element of the environment during the investigators will move.
Related to the accident was the Environment Minister Rachmat Witoelar is reportedly reviewing the affected areas today (Thursday – ed).
Meanwhile Environmental Forum (WALHI) said that, flood casualties and material loss is large enough in Jember is the fact umpteenth reminder that Java is in critical condition and prone to disaster.
With an area of 13 million hectares, Java Island only has 1.9 million hectares of forest cover in the various provinces so that with such conditions, practically Java become the island with the disaster vulnerability level is high enough.
According to Executive Director of WALHI, Chalid Muhammad, flash floods just one indicator of damage to forest areas so it is possible that other disasters will come to Java and become “menu annual” Java community.
WALHI judge, flood in Jember it is inseparable from the allotment inconsistencies in the upstream region so that the effect on the area underneath.
“Governments tend to practice nullifying the areas that have hydro-orologis,” he said.
Keputran region, for example, with slopes over 40 degrees should not be reserved for cultivation area, but the area that was the center for coffee. Similarly, the region Besuki and Rembangan with exceptional forest openings so that the effect on the functioning of hydro-orologis forest.
Java, according to Chalid, basically have reached the saturation point. With a population that is increasingly dense has spurred the conversion is done blindly and put Java as an area with potential for disaster is high.
“It is time the government is committed and real action to save Java. All you can begin by correcting the policy of natural resource management space is fundamental.