Earthquake kit list – The earthquake occurred in Indonesia is a natural phenomenon that can not be prevented and predictable occurrence. On average occur in a relatively short period of time usually accompanied by aftershocks.
Losses resulting from the occurrence of the earthquake was not a little amount, either the loss of property and loss of life.
Yet many losses and casualties caused by earthquakes can be anticipated and reduced by mitigation. Earthquake mitigation can be done by creating earthquake-resistant buildings and building above or below the cliffs.
Quoted on the official website of the Ministry of Energy, there are 19 areas prone to earthquake in Indonesia, namely Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Bengkulu, Lampung and Banten, West Java, South Central, East Java Southern, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara East Nusa Tenggara, North Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi-Palu, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, North Maluku, South Maluku, Papua, North, South Kalimantan and the eastern part Sangata.
Earthquake Resistant Buildings
Buildings erected in earthquake-prone areas should be designed strong, according to the construction of buildings right by calculation.
If there is a minor earthquake that buildings should not be suffered damage to non-structural components (cracked walls, and ceiling tiles fell, broken glass, etc.) as well as the structural components (columns and beams cracking, foundation collapsed, and so on).
If an earthquake were allowed building suffered damage to non-structural components but structural components must not be damaged.
If a big earthquake damaged buildings may be well on non-structural components and structural components of the building occupants with mental principle should remain safe, which means that before the building collapsed is still enough time for building occupants to exit / place of safe refuge.
Bamboo House Construction
Basically all the materials used to make the building can be designed strong against earthquakes, but by using bamboo material will have certain advantages, namely the cost of construction cost, the construction period is short, can be studied and made his own, only required equipment is simple to make and a material that can be updated
Preferably used bamboo is a bamboo that has old age, has been preserved and in a dry state.
Species of bamboo that can be used for the building is kind betung bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper). Thick-walled and has a diameter that can reach more than 20 cm. Can grow to over 25 meters. Widely used for pole or building a buffer and also for the purposes of lath / rafters of the building.
The second type is black bamboo bamboo / wulung (Gigantochloa atroviolacea). Diameter 14 cm and can reach a height of over 20 meters. Also widely used as a building material and furniture because it is relatively more resistant to pests.
The third species of bamboo are bamboo lear / rope (Gigantochloa lear). A diameter of between 4 to 10cm and is widely used as a component of the roof and walls of the building.
Here are included some pictures to make the construction of earthquake-resistant homes from bamboo can be used.
The principle of earthquake-resistant bamboo houses should be made to the provisions of the bamboo houses built on land is flat, the foundation and the sloop (sloop angker to the foundation at every distance of 50 to 100 cm) around the house plans, lower end of the bamboo columns entrance to the foundation, and inner angker the lower end of the column is filled with reinforcement and mortar,
wall elements associated with the sloop or column must angker in some places, at the top end of the columns are surrounding the ring beam building plans, wall elements should also be in the armature with the ring beam. If there is a wall openings such as winds, windows and doors, should be given a reinforcement in the opening round.