Natural appearance and social status, countries in Southeast Asia

Natural appearance and social situation, countries in Southeast Asia, countries in Southeast Asia, ASEAN countries, the countries of Southeast Asia, the countries of ASEAN, the Southeast Asia, the ASEAN countries

Natural appearance and social status, countries in Southeast Asia

Jakarta Capital Indonesia

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Other countries also are in Southeast Asia are Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, the Philippines, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos. The countries located in Southeast Asia are then formed an organization called the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). ASEAN was established goals for cooperation among countries in Southeast Asia.
Together with the neighboring countries, Indonesia friendship and mutually beneficial cooperation. Adjacent to the Indonesian state called neighboring countries. Other neighboring countries are Australia, Papua New Guinea, and East Timor.
In the discussion this time we only describe natural features and social conditions in the countries belonging to ASEAN. Let us discuss these countries one by one.

1. Indonesia

a. Natural conditions
Indonesia is an archipelago of islands – large and small islands. Number of islands located in Indonesia is 13 667 islands. Magnitude islands include Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, and Papua island.
In the previous lesson in the fifth grade we have learned that the natural features that exist in Indonesia consists of a chain of mountains, mountains, seas, rivers and lakes. Indonesia’s highest mountain located in Papua, the Sudirman Mountains with the highest peak called Puncak Jaya, which reaches a height of 5,030 meters. Is the longest river Kapuas River (Kalimantan), while the largest lake is Lake Toba (North Sumatra).
b. Form of government
Indonesia is the country’s capital Jakarta, the country form the Republic and is headed by a president. The president is elected by the people. In running the government, the President is assisted by ministers chosen by the President. Indonesian currency is the Rupiah. Indonesia is the national anthem Indonesia Raya.
c. Economic activity
Indonesia is a country rich in natural resources. Therefore, the Indonesian nation’s economic activity covering various fields from the field of agriculture, industry, mining and tourism. Indonesia is one of the largest tea producing country in the world. In addition there
Similarly other plantation crops such as oil palm, rubber, coffee, wood, rattan and spices are also an export commodity that is taken into account.

Indonesia is also the oil-producing countries and other mining products such as coal, natural gas, tin, gold, iron and steel, aluminum, diamonds, silver and mining revenues. In the industrial field, Indonesia produces fabrics and apparel. Several Southeast Asian countries are also importing raw materials and foodstuffs from Indonesia. Tourism is one of the largest state revenues large enough for Indonesia, one of which is

tourist island of Bali.
2. Malaysia
a state of Nature
Malaysia Wilayah extensive approximately 330 434 km2 which consists of two parts, namely the region of West Malaysia and East Malaysia.
a. Regional West Malaysia is located on the peninsula which consists of eleven states, namely Kedah, Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Penang, Pahang, Perlis, Kelantan, Malacca, Johor, and Trenggano. Highest mountain called Mount Tahan at 2,190 meters high.
b. East Malaysia is located in the north of Borneo which consists of two parts, namely the states of Sarawak and Sabah. Here too there is the highest mountain is Mount Kinabalu which reaches a height of 4,101 meters.
b. Form of government
The capital of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur. The shape of the country’s government. Head of state is the king with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected by the rulers of the state. Head of states is king. Malaysian currency is the Ringgit, and its National Anthem is My Country. Who run the government is the prime minister.
c. Economic activity
Malaysian nation’s economic activity, especially in the fields of agriculture, plantation, mining and industry. In the field of agriculture and plantations producing rubber, palm oil, pepper, tea, rice,
and copra. Mining produces iron ore, petroleum, bouksit, and tin ore. The tin ore to make Malaysia as the world’s largest producing country. In industry, Malaysia produce electronic goods.

3. Singapore

a. Natural conditions
Singapore’s total area of about 622 km2 which consists of the island – a small island. Singapore is a country with a strategic location because it is located at the intersection shipping lines of the countries in East Asia, West Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, and America.

This situation is exploited by the Singapore government to build a port that provides transportation and warehouse. With good service, so many ships calling at the port of Singapore making Singapore as busiest port in Asia.

b. Form of government
The capital of Singapore is Singapore. The shape of the state of Singapore is a republic headed by a president and head of government is the prime minister. The currency of Singapore is the Singapore dollar (S $). Is the national anthem of Singapore.
c. Economic activity
Singapore nation’s economic activity mainly on banking services, and industry. In industry produce electronic goods, and groceries. However, due to the limited size of the country which then
to obtain raw materials industry, Singapore imports from other countries, including Indonesia. The type of raw materials are imported from Indonesia, including tin, crude oil and natural gas.

4. Brunei Darussalam

a. Natural conditions
The total area of ​​Brunei approximately 5,765 km2. It is in North Borneo. South, west and east, directly adjacent to Sarawak (East Malaysia state), while the north bordering the South China Sea. Brunei region consists of two: the west and east. The western area is low-lying and marshy areas while the eastern region is a hilly area. Brunei Darussalam has a high mountain that reaches 1,850 meters.
b. Form of government
The capital of Brunei is Bandar Seri Begawan. The shape of the country is the empire. Heads of state and government is Sultan. Currency Brunei Darussalam is Brunei Dollar (Br $). National anthem is a compliment to the Sultan.
c. Economic activity
Brunei Darussalam economic activity, especially in the mining of petroleum and natural gas. Brunei is the biggest oil producer in Asia. Brunei imports from other countries to the needs of other items, such as electronic goods, vehicles, rice, sugar, vegetables and fruits.

5. Philippines

 a. Natural conditions
The total area of around 300,000 km2 Philippines. Like Indonesia, the Philippines is an archipelago. Number of islands about 7,100 islands. Island – The big island of Luzon Island, Mindore Island, Palawan, Cebu, Negros and Mindanao.

Philippine Islands including Pacific Folds Mountains area and has many volcanoes which are still active. The highest mountain on the island of Luzon is the Mayon volcano with 2,421 meters high, while the highest mountain on the island of Mindanao is Mount Apo with an altitude of 1,954 meters. The port city of Cavite The Philippines is located on the island of Luzon.

b. Form of government
The capital of the Philippines is Manila. The shape of the country, namely the Republic with its head of state, led by the President. The head of government is President of the Philippines. Philippine presidential palace Malacanang called contained in the City of Manila. Philippine currency is Peso. National anthem is Tierra Adorada.
c. Economic activity
Philippine population economic activity is in agriculture, mining and industry. Agricultural products consisting of rice, pineapple, and sugar. Results include gold mining, copper, cobalt, nickel, iron ore, and petroleum. In the Philippines in the city of Los Banos International Rice Research Institute found that in English, the agency called the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI).

6. Thailand

a. Natural conditions
The area of ​​Thailand approximately 513 998 km2. Thailand consists of plains, hills and mountains. Lowland drained by Chao Phraya River, so it is a very fertile area in Thailand. The highest mountains are in the north and west with the highest peak is Mount Doi Inthanon at 2,594 meters altitude.
b. Form of government
The capital of Thailand is Bangkok, with the shape of the country is a monarchy. Its head of state is the king, while the head of government is the prime minister. Thailand’s currency is Baht. Enough on his song is pleng Chard.
c. Economic activity
Thailand resident economic activity is in agriculture, forestry, mining, and industrial. Thailand is the largest rice producer in Asia, so it is known as the granary of Asia. Mine output of lead and manganese among others. The forest products are teak, while the industry is textiles, cement, and electronic goods.

7. Myanmar

a. Natural conditions
The total area of Myanmar that approximately 676 552 km2. Climate contained in Myanmar Myanmar is divided into two, namely the southern part of the tropical, subtropical climates while the northern part. In the east there is the plateau that separates Myanmar with Thailand.

In the central part of coastal lowland forest fed by the Irrawaddy and some other rivers. In the north is bordered by China and India in the form of mountains (part of the Himalayas). In the southern part there is a coastline along the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal.

b. Form of government
The capital of Myanmar is Yangon. The shape of the country a republic. The head of state and head of government is the president. Myanmar currency is Kyat. Our national anthem is a Free Homeland (Fatherland Merdeka).
c. Economic activity
The livelihood of the people of Myanmar in the fields of agriculture, forestry, plantation, and mining. The main results of the farm Myanmar is rice which is the largest producer in Southeast Asia. The plantation is cotton, tobacco and sugar cane. The forest products are teak, while mine output of gold, silver, zinc, lead, copper, and petroleum.

8. Cambodia

a. Natural conditions
Cambodia is located in the Indochina peninsula. Bordered by Laos in the north, east and south by Vietnam while in the west and north borders with
Thailand. Cambodia’s total area of about 181 300 km2.

Cambodia area through which the Mekong River is a fertile area. There Cardamon mountains along the 160 km which borders Thailand. Cardamon high mountain peak is 1,813 meters. In general, tropical country of Cambodia.

b. Form of government
Cambodia is a republican form of state. The state capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh. Cambodia’s head of state is the president, while the head of government is the prime minister. Cambodia’s currency is the Cambodian Riel. National anthem is Our Country.
c. Economic activity
The livelihoods of Cambodia’s population, especially in agriculture. Crops are rice, maize, and rubber. Cambodia is also one of the largest rice producer in Southeast Asia.

9. Vietnam

a. Natural conditions
Vietnam country located on the peninsula of Indochina. Its area is about 331 690 km2. The northern side is bordered by China, west of the border with Laos and Cambodia, and the south and east bordering the South China Sea. In Vietnam, there are several mountains and river deltas.
1) In the northwest there is the northern mountains with the highest peak named Fan-Si-Pan with a height of 3,143 meters.
2) the Annamite Mountains that is located in the western region from the mountainous north to 80 km in the northern city of Saigon.
3) Red River Delta stretches from the mountainous north to the Gulf of Tonkin. This area is a fertile area to be used as agricultural area.
4) formed from the Mekong Delta Mekong River.
b. Form of government
Capital country of Vietnam is Hanoi. The shape of the country is a socialist republic with the head of state is the president. The head of government headed by a prime minister. The currency is the Vietnamese Dong. Is the national anthem Tien Quan Ca (Forward Soldier).
c. Economic activity
Vietnam is the nation’s economic activity in agriculture, industry and mining. Livelihoods of Vietnam, especially in agriculture so that the main result is rice. Other agricultural products such as corn, sugar cane, tea, fruits and tobacco. The results of the industry among others
textiles, cement, fertilizers, and tires. While the result is a gold mine, iron ore, coal, lead, zinc, and phosphate. Countries Vietnam is a country with a tropical winter climates.

10. Laos

a. Natural conditions
Laos Indoncina situated on a peninsula, with a total area of ​​about 236 800 km2. Laos winter climates. Laos region generally surrounded by woods and mountains. In the north bordering with China, to the east by Vietnam, south of Thailand and Cambodia, and west borders with Myanmar and Thailand. Laos region north, there are mountains and plateaus stretching along the eastern boundary of the peak is Mount Bia.
Important river in Laos is the Mekong River which flows from the southwest to the southeast to the border of Thailand. The area along the Mekong River was used as an agricultural area. The Mekong River is also used as a means of transportation.
b. Form of government
Capital of Laos is Vientiane to form a republic country. Its head of state is the president, while the head of government is the prime minister. The currency of Laos is the New Kip (KN). Enough on his song is Sat Lao Tang Te Deum Ma’Khan Sulu Sa Nei You Asie.
c. Economic activity
The economic activity of Laotians mainly in the field of agriculture. Crops are rice, vegetables, bananas, papaya, coconut and corn. Besides farming, there is also a cattle business that produces cattle, buffalo, pigs, and poultry.

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